China does not participate in the purchase of intellectual p
On June 2, the State Council Information Office published a white paper entitled "China's Position on China-US Economic and Trade Consultations" and held a press conference in Beijing. Wang Fuwen (Deputy), deputy minister of the Ministry of Commerce and deputy of international trade negotiations, and Guo Weimin, deputy director of the State Council Information Office, attended and introduced and interpret the relevant information on the white paper and answered questions from reporters. China News Agency reporter Zhang Yu photo
Chinanews.com, June 2nd, Vice Minister of Commerce and Deputy Representative of International Trade Negotiation Wang Shouwen pointed out today that China attaches great importance to intellectual property protection and will make its inventions more and more, so that other countries will be willing to take them. The intellectual property is sold to China. The Chinese government does not participate in Chinese companies buying intellectual property from abroad or exporting intellectual property abroad.
On June 2, the new office of the State Council issued a white paper on "China's position on China-US economic and trade consultations" and held a press conference at 10 am on the same day. A reporter asked Wang Yongwen at the meeting that the US has always accused Chinese companies of using it for some time. Various methods have gained valuable technology and intellectual property from the United States, and believe that the Chinese government has instructed companies to invest in acquiring US companies to acquire these cutting-edge technologies and intellectual property rights.
Wang accepts that China has done a lot of work on intellectual property protection and has become an increasingly important intellectual property power. Last year, China filed more than 1.5 million invention patent applications, ranking first in the world for eight consecutive years. Moreover, while inventing and creating, it also carried out intellectual property trade with other countries. China purchased intellectual property rights from other countries and exported intellectual property rights to other countries. As far as purchases are concerned, China’s intellectual property fees paid in 2001 were only $1.9 billion. The intellectual property fees paid last year reached $35.6 billion, an increase of nearly 19 times. Among them, the use of intellectual property fees paid to the United States reached 8.64 billion US dollars, accounting for nearly 1/4 of the total amount of intellectual property purchased.
"So it can be seen that China attaches great importance to the protection of intellectual property rights, and will make more and more inventions, so that companies from other countries will be willing to sell their intellectual property rights to China." Wang Yuwen pointed out that China is in intellectual property legislation. A lot of work has been done in the judicial, law enforcement, etc., and such a gratifying phenomenon has emerged. He also stressed that the Chinese government does not participate in Chinese companies buying intellectual property rights from abroad or exporting intellectual property rights abroad. The Chinese government is doing to create a good environment that respects knowledge and protects intellectual property rights, which can promote the generation of intellectual property rights. Make it better protected and promote the development of an innovative economy.
At the beginning of 2019, the book "American Trap" co-authored by former French Alstom executive Frederic Pieruzi and a French journalist was published in France, which caused great repercussions. The book exposes the inside story of the US government's fight against US corporate competitors with the personal experience of Pierucci. Pieruzi was arrested by the US Federal Bureau of Investigation at the US airport in 2013 and was charged with imprisonment. Later, the US Department of Justice accused Pierucci of alleged commercial bribery and imposed a fine of $772 million on Alstom. Alstom’s power business was eventually acquired by General Electric, a major competitor in the industry.
In an exclusive interview with Xinhua News Agency, Pierucchi said that in 2013, Alstom had been investigated by the US Department of Justice for more than three years, but at the time Alstom CEO Bo Yilong decided not to cooperate with the US authorities. The Americans lost patience and decided to arrest me to send a clear signal to Alstom’s CEO: If you continue to disagree, you will be the next person to go to jail. It was precisely after I was arrested that Alstom began full cooperation with the US Department of Justice. In order to protect themselves, the CEO, carrying most of the French government and Alstom management, sold three-quarters of the company's business, including electricity, to General Electric. Pieruzi said that the United States wants to control trade throughout the world. To this end, after the end of the Cold War, it repositioned its intelligence agencies, focusing on collecting economic intelligence and secretly monitoring competitors, as Snowden revealed.
Pieruzi said that by acquiring Alstom, the United States has acquired the power to maintain all French nuclear power plants, which provide 75% of France's electricity. The strategy adopted by the US authorities for Huawei is very similar to the strategy for Alstom. From the background, of course, there is also a trade war between the United States and China, especially 5G technology. As we all know, Huawei is ahead of its competitors. US President Trump does not hide this. The truth is well known, and no one can ignore the fact that the United States has used the law as a weapon of economic warfare. All countries should unite to resist US unilateralism. Yesterday was Alston, today is Huawei, then who will be tomorrow? It is time for Europe and China to fight back.
According to the reporter, some people said that "the Chinese government has instructed Chinese companies to go to the United States to buy enterprises to obtain advanced technology," Wang said. "I don't think this is true." He said that it is entirely the company's own decision to invest in foreign countries, what projects to invest in, what to buy, or not to buy. The company is responsible for its own profits and losses, making its own decisions, and taking risks at its own risk. The Chinese government does not participate in the specific business activities of the company. Will instruct or require companies to invest in any project, or what technology to buy.
Recently, the Ministry of Education officially approved the first batch of undergraduate vocational education pilot universities to rename the results, they were officially renamed "professional university" by the "vocational college", and upgraded to undergraduate colleges. According to the live broadcast of the sunshine, on May 27, 2019, the Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China (Teaching Letter  No. 39) approved the Shandong Foreign Language Vocational College (undergraduate) to be renamed as Shandong Foreign Language Vocational Technical University, and the first batch of 10 vocational undergraduate courses. profession. This marks that Rizhao has the first independent undergraduate institution. The vocational college was renamed and involved more colleges and universities.
The birth of the first batch of “professional universities” in China According to reports, the list of the first batch of 15 vocational undergraduate pilot schools approved by the Ministry of Education is as follows: Nanchang Vocational College, Jiangxi Software Vocational College, Quanzhou Polytechnic College, Shandong Foreign Language Vocational College, Shandong Kevin Vocational College of Science and Technology, Shandong Foreign Affairs Translation Vocational College, Zhoukou Science and Technology Vocational College, Guangdong Business Vocational College, Guangzhou Science and Technology Vocational and Technical College, Guangxi Urban Vocational College, Hainan Vocational College of Science and Technology, Chongqing Electromechanical Vocational and Technical College, Chengdu Art Vocational College, Shaanxi Electronic Technology Vocational College, Xi'an Automobile Technology Vocational College.
On May 27th, the Ministry of Education officially announced the news of the renaming of various vocational colleges. At present, in addition to the Xi'an Automobile Technology Vocational College has not yet announced, 14 of them have officially announced a renaming result, and renamed the "University" to become an undergraduate "professional university." In terms of distribution, 14 vocational universities come from 10 provinces in China, including the largest in Shandong Province, with 3 in Guangdong and Jiangxi, and 1 in Fujian, Guangxi, Hainan, Henan, Sichuan, Chongqing and Shaanxi. It is worth noting that some vocational universities are not in the provincial capitals of the provinces. The specific list is as follows:
After the promotion of higher vocational colleges, the word "occupation" is still retained. It is pointed out that this time there has been a new change in the promotion of higher vocational education. The Ministry of Education has clearly proposed that "upgrading to a vocational school at the undergraduate level", and the name has been retained after the promotion. The word "professional" has never appeared in the promotion of higher vocational education! In January 2019, the State Council issued the "National Vocational Education Reform Implementation Plan", which used the full text of more than 8,700 words to put forward a comprehensive reform idea for vocational education, and provided a large number of guiding suggestions for the development of professional education in colleges and universities. Cultivate applied skills with “artisan spirit”.
The program proposes that vocational education and general education are two different types of education and have equal importance. With the increasing demand for technical and technical talents in all walks of life, the important position and role of vocational education has become more and more prominent. In order to implement the spirit of the National Education Conference, we will further develop vocational education in the new era, adhere to the guidance of Xi Jinping's new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and put vocational education in a more prominent position in education reform and innovation and economic and social development.
Therefore, the promotion of the name of a vocational college to retain the "professional" is a reform of the national policy, a need for the development of the times, and a decision for the development of the country's strategy. On May 27, 2019, the Ministry of Education officially approved the People's Government of Fujian Province, “agreeing that Quanzhou University of Technology Vocational College (undergraduate) was renamed Quanzhou Vocational and Technical University, a private undergraduate vocational education pilot school. The first batch of mechanical design and manufacturing and automation 10 vocational undergraduate majors such as automotive service engineering, computer application engineering, civil engineering, oil and gas storage and transportation engineering, financial management, e-commerce, clothing and apparel design, digital media art, and preschool education.
Nanchang Vocational University According to the "Nanchang Vocational College" WeChat public number on May 30th: The Ministry of Education sent a letter to the Jiangxi Provincial People's Government, and agreed to Nanchang Vocational College officially changed its name to Nanchang Vocational University, which marked the Nanchang Vocational College officially started from Nanchang The establishment of a vocational university to run a school has opened a new chapter in the development of schools! The news mentioned that the renamed Nanchang Vocational University will continue to adhere to the basic attributes of "vocational education", further strengthen the cultivation of vocational skills and professional spirit, deepen the integration of production and education, school-enterprise cooperation, and constantly improve the market-oriented talents. The training mode will fully promote the connotative development of each major of the school, and strive to become a professional university with distinctive characteristics and clear development direction.
Jiangxi Software Vocational and Technical University May 27, 2019, a day that is destined to let the pioneers not forget - approved by the Ministry of Education: agreed that Jiangxi Software Vocational College (undergraduate) changed its name to Jiangxi Software Vocational and Technical University (Teaching Letter  day 30th). The school logo is: 4136013776. Under 2019, undergraduate students can be recruited nationwide. The first batch of undergraduate majors include: software engineering, intelligent control technology, computer application engineering, information security and management, communication engineering, network engineering, e-commerce, accounting, environmental art design, digital media art and other 10 undergraduate majors. In 2000, there were 2,000 undergraduate enrollment programs.
Shandong Engineering Vocational and Technical University On May 27, the Ministry of Education issued the "Letter to agree to Shandong Kaiwen Science and Technology Vocational College (undergraduate) changed its name to Shandong Engineering Vocational Technical University" (Teaching Letter  No. 37). So far, Shandong Engineering Vocational Technical University was established with the school identification code of 4137013356. Approved by the Ministry of Education, the school opened the first batch of "mechanical design and manufacturing and automation", "intelligent manufacturing engineering", "automobile service engineering", "civil engineering", "engineering cost", "software engineering", "Internet of things engineering", "e-commerce", "accounting" Ten undergraduate majors such as "Financial Management".
Shandong Foreign Affairs Vocational University On May 27th, the Ministry of Education issued the "Letter to Agree to Shandong Foreign Affairs Translation Vocational College (Undergraduate) Changed Its Name to Shandong Foreign Affairs Vocational University" (Teaching Letter  No. 35), and agreed to Shandong Foreign Affairs Vocational College (undergraduate) ) Changed its name to Shandong Foreign Affairs Vocational College. The first batch of 10 undergraduate majors in business English, digital media art, international economy and trade, e-commerce, software engineering, accounting, engineering cost, logistics management, computer application engineering, business Japanese, etc.
Henan Science and Technology Vocational University on the morning of April 30, Henan Provincial Department of Education evaluation Zhoukou Science and Technology Vocational College undergraduate level vocational education pilot work feedback meeting was held in the hospital training center. The assessment team believes that Zhoukou Science and Technology Vocational College has carried out the pilot work of undergraduate vocational education, which is fully qualified and unanimously passed the assessment. It is understood that at the beginning of the new year in 2019, the Ministry of Education has officially replied to the Henan Provincial People's Government and agreed to upgrade the Zhoukou Science and Technology Vocational College to a vocational school at the undergraduate level. The reply stated that after the Henan organization organized the evaluation and guidance of the school, the evaluation report was submitted to the Ministry of Education, and the Ministry of Education will be renamed as “Henan Science and Technology Vocational University”. According to the reply, the school was renamed “Henan Science and Technology Vocational University” after the organization evaluation, and will be listed in the first half of 2019.
Guangdong Vocational and Technical College of Industry and Commerce On May 27, the Ministry of Education sent a letter to the Provincial People's Government, agreeing that the Guangdong Vocational College of Industry and Commerce (undergraduate) was renamed Guangdong Vocational and Technical College of Vocational and Technical Education. It is a national private undergraduate vocational education pilot school with the code 4144013721 and approved. 10 undergraduate enrollment majors, this year officially launched enrollment. The first batch of undergraduate majors of Guangdong Business and Technology University include mechanical design and manufacturing and automation, industrial robot technology, automotive service engineering, network engineering, software engineering, engineering cost, logistics management, e-commerce, business English, and digital media technology.
The Ministry of Education of Guangzhou University of Science and Technology recently sent a letter to the letter “Agreeing to Guangzhou Technology Vocational and Technical College (undergraduate) changed its name to Guangzhou University of Technology and Technology”, and approved Guangzhou Technology Vocational and Technical College to be renamed Guangzhou University of Technology and Technology, which marks Guangzhou. The city has added an independent undergraduate institution. It is reported that on December 19 last year, the school was approved by the Ministry of Education and upgraded to a vocational school at the undergraduate level. It is one of the first 15 vocational undergraduate pilot schools in China.
Guangxi City Vocational University On December 18, 2018, the Ministry of Education sent a letter to the People's Government of the Autonomous Region, agreeing to upgrade the school to a vocational school at the undergraduate level. The name of the school is tentatively set as “Guangxi City Vocational College (undergraduate)”, and the pilot program of vocational education at the undergraduate level is carried out. After passing the assessment of the autonomous region level in May 2019, the school will be renamed as “Guangxi City Vocational College”.
Hainan Vocational University of Science and Technology approved by the Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China, Hainan Vocational College of Science and Technology (undergraduate) officially changed its name to "Hainan Science and Technology Vocational University", becoming one of the first 15 vocational undergraduate universities in the country. In 2019, there were 12 undergraduate enrollment majors, and the whole country was given a full-time enrollment and 7500 enrollment indicators.
Chongqing Electromechanical Vocational and Technical University According to the official website of Chongqing Electromechanical Vocational and Technical College, the Ministry of Education officially follows (Teaching Letter  No. 36), and approved Chongqing Mechanical and Electrical Vocational and Technical College officially changed its name to “Chongqing Electromechanical Vocational and Technical University”. The school identification code is : 4150012607, becoming the first batch of undergraduate vocational education pilot universities in the country, from 2019 to recruit undergraduate students nationwide. The school's first batch of undergraduate majors include: mechanical design and manufacturing and automation, material forming and control engineering, vehicle engineering, electrical engineering and automation, Internet of Things engineering, intelligent manufacturing engineering, big data technology and applications, automotive service engineering, engineering cost 10 professional undergraduate majors such as logistics management. In 2000, there were 2,000 undergraduate enrollment programs.
Chengdu Art Vocational University May 30, "Chengdu Art Vocational College subscription number" WeChat public number issued: the Ministry of Education officially below (Teaching Letter  No. 38), approved Chengdu Art Vocational College officially changed its name to "Chengdu Art Vocational University" ", the school identification code is: 4151012969, becoming the first batch of undergraduate vocational education pilot universities in China.